A. Resolve Conflicts through Diplomacy
- Promote stability in the Middle East by withdrawing all US military forces from the area, replacing US military aid with development aid and engaging diplomatically with all nations in the region.
- Implement the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran without additional sanctions, and restore diplomatic relations with Iran.
- Support resolution of the Israeli Palestinian conflict through determined, balanced and multilateral diplomacy.
- Limit US involvement in African nations' internal affair to strengthen civil society, support domestic development, and mediate domestic conflicts when disputing parties request assistance.
- Continue normalization of relations with Cuba by lifting the trade embargo and closing the Guantanamo Bay detention camp.
- Lead diplomatic efforts to end the Syrian civil war engaging all interested parties.
Rep. Peterson voted in favor of H.R. 507, the Authorization for Funding of Syrian Rebel Groups, which passed 272-156. This legislation authorized the funding and training of groups that oppose Pres. Assad’s administration – 9/17/2015
Rep. Peterson voted against the Lee Amendment to H.R. 5656 to fund only the safe and orderly withdrawal from Afghanistan. – 7/08/12
Rep. Peterson voted for supplemental funding for the war in Iraq. – 6/16/09
Rep. Peterson supported H.R. 2929 to ban permanent military bases in Iraq and U.S. control over Iraq’s oil resources. – 2007
Rep. Peterson voted for a Hyde resolution (2006) endorsing Pres. Bush’s war in Iraq and opposing a withdrawal date (this was adopted 256-153).
Rep. Peterson voted for the McGovern/Jones amendment to require the President to present a plan with a time frame and completion date for the transfer of military operations to Afghan authorities. – May 2011
Rep. Peterson voted for F. Y. 2010 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations (H.R. 4899) to continue funding for the War in Afghanistan. – 7/27/10
Rep. Peterson voted no to requiring an Exit Strategy for Afghanistan. – Amendment #3 to Military Authorization Bill, 6/25/09
Rep. Peterson voted for supplemental funding for the war in Afghanistan. – 6/16/09
Rep. Peterson was one of only 3 House Democrats to vote in favor of HR 3662, the Iran Terror Finance Transparency Act. By adding additional obstacles to the lifting of sanctions, the bill limits the Executive Branch and future administrations from fulfilling their commitments under the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act. – 02.05.16
Rep. Peterson voted in favor of H.R. 1191, the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015, which requires President Obama to submit the details of any nuclear deal with Iran for congressional review. Congress then has 30 days to review the deal and vote to either approve the deal or reject it. During this time, sanctions on Iran cannot be lifted. The Act passed (400-25) and effectively extended the negotiations between the U.S.A. and Iran – 5/14/2015
Collin Peterson’s Foreign Policy Aide sent a note saying that Rep. Peterson shares our goal of bringing peace to our nation and the world. Congressman Peterson remains hopeful that the ongoing negotiations with Iran will result in a resolution that satisfies both sides and avoids escalation. – 12/11/14
Rep. Peterson voted for H.R. 850 which imposes a defacto oil embargo against Iran, requires the Sec of State to determine whether IRGC is a foreign terrorist organization, and forces other countries to reduce all trade with Iran–including food & medicine sales, or face U.S. sanctions. – 7/31/13
Rep. Peterson signed on to the Dent-Price letter to President Obama calling Hassan Rouhani’s election a “major potential opportunity,” and urging Obama to seize the moment for new negotiations. – July 2013
Rep. Peterson voted against the Lee amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act to appoint a Special Envoy for diplomacy with Iran; lift the â€˜no contact ban that currently bars U.S. diplomats from talking with their Iranian counterparts; and prohibit a preemptive attack on Iran without congressional authorization. – 5/18/12
Rep.Peterson chose not to sign on to the Ellison/Jones letter to the President asking that he utilize all available tools of diplomacy to resolve the crisis over Iran’s nuclear program and prevent another costly war in the Middle East. – March 2012
Rep. Peterson voted in favor of the so-called Iran Threat Reduction Act which calls for severe indiscriminate sanctions as well as an anti-diplomacy provision that prohibits U.S. government employees in any official or unofficial capacity from contacting anyone who is affiliated with the Iranian government and who presents a threat to the United States or is affiliated with terrorist organizations. 12/14/11
Rep. Peterson voted in favor of the Iran Refined Petroleum Sanctions Act, H.R. 2194, designed to punish companies that cooperate with Iran\’s attempts to import petroleum products. – 12/16/09
Rep. Peterson voted for H.R. 1400, The Iran Counter-Proliferation Act of 2007 that advised imposing sanction on Iran.
Rep. Peterson voted for an amendment by Hinchey of NY (2006) requiring prior Congressional approval before the U.S. can attack Iran (amendment defeated).
Rep. Peterson voted for H.Res. 867 which calls on the President and the Secretary of State to oppose unequivocally any endorsement or further consideration of the ‘Report of the United Nations Fact Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict’. This report finds both Palestine and Israel guilty of human rights violations.
Rep. Peterson voted yes on Res. 34, which recognizes the right of Israel to defend itself against attacks from Gaza, reaffirms U.S. strong support for Israel and supports the peace process. – Passed 1/09/09
Rep. Peterson co-sponsored the Hunger to Harvest: Decade of Support for Sub-Saharan Africa Resolution in 2001 which set forth five and ten-year plans to combat hunger and poverty in sub-Saharan Africa. The resolution failed.
Rep. Peterson was also a co-sponsor of the Free Trade With Cuba Act, which would have amended the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to repeal the trade embargo with Cuba. The amendment was last referred to the House Subcommittee on General Farm Commodities and Risk Management – (3/13/2015)
This week, the United States announced plans to reestablish diplomatic and commercial relations with Cuba. For more than 50 years, the United States has maintained a failed policy that has done nothing to help the Cuban people and has only hamstrung our own national interests. Cuba used to be one of our big agricultural markets before we cut off ties, and I believe these changes will help us get those markets back while helping the people who are struggling under the Communist government. A majority of these changes are something we’ve been trying to do since I introduced legislation to fix this a few years ago (the Travel Restriction Reform and Export Enhancement Act). I believe opening up travel and commerce will significantly help the Cuban people and their economy. – Constituent newsletter 12/19/14
Rep. Peterson co-sponsored H.R. 871, the Export Freedom to Cuba Act of 2013, which stipulated that the President could not prohibit, nor regulate, travel to or from Cuba. The act was referred to House subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere – 3/15/2013
What’s going on in Syria is deplorable, but at this point, I don’t see how U.S. military action will accomplish anything toward ending the turmoil over there or helping the people of Syria which is my main concern. Along with my constituents, I am opposed to intervention. I am willing to listen to the President and others, but I haven’t heard anything at this point that will change my mind. – e-newsletter 9/6/13
B. Build an international infrastructure for peace and prosperity:
- Commit the US to strengthening the United Nations by becoming a signatory to the International Criminal Court and International Human Rights Treaties, respecting and upholding international law including military nonintervention, and promoting universal human rights.
- Develop and strengthen alternatives to military force such as civilian peacekeeping forces, mediation and conflict-resolution, and significantly grow the US diplomatic corps.
- Commit to just and sustainable economic development strategies.
- Take a leadership role in international agreements on climate change, including reduction of emissions that cause global warming, and develop energy alternatives.
Rep. Peterson opposed an amendment to decrease funding to the U.N. and other multilateral organizations. – 2007
Rep. Peterson voted against H.R. 347, 2015: Repeal the 2001 AUMF, which would have prohibited the use of funds pursuant to the Authorization for the Use of Military Force after December 31, 2015. The amendment failed (157-270) – 6/11/2015
Rep. Peterson also voted against Repealing the AUMF when in May (5/22/2015) and June of 2014 (6/20/2015)
Rep. Peterson voted against elimiation of funding for the U.S. Institute of Peace. – 2/17/11
Rep. Peterson voted against the Free Trade Agreement with Columbia but for the Agreements with South Korea and Panama. – 10/13/11
Rep. Peterson’s website shows his stand on eco-friendly action. He, along with Sen. Klobuchar, Sen. Franken, and Rep. Walz announced over $1.5 million for MN farmers and rural businesses to boost renewable energy and efficiency. He expressed his support for renewable resources and heat production in news letters from the fall of last year: http://collinpeterson.house.gov/search/node/energy -March 2016
Rep. Peterson voted yes on the American Clean Energy and Security Act (H.R.2454): To create clean energy jobs, achieve energy independence, reduce global warming pollution and transition to a clean energy economy. – Passed 6/26/09
C. Dismantle the infrastructure that encourages militaristic response to conflicts:
- Significantly reduce the US defense budget, increase its transparency and ensure the military is accountable for its defense expenditures.
- Negotiate and approve agreements and treaties such as the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, that reduce the risk of war.
- Reaffirm US commitment to the Geneva Conventions, US Rules of Engagement and US Code of Military Conduct.
“This week, the House passed the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016. The bill, which I supported, authorizes $515 billion for national defense spending and $89.2 billion for an emergency war fund. The bill also authorizes a 2.3% pay raise for our military service members and strengthens the military retirement system.” -5/15/15 newsletter
Rep. Peterson voted no, along with 232 of his colleagues, on Rep. Schiff’s amendment to the NDAA to repeal the Authorization of the Use of Military Force. There were 191 votes for it. – 5/22/14
Rep. Peterson voted in favor of the Schiff Amendment which would have restricted the use of funds in the Military Appropriations Bill for any use of force under the legal rationale of the 2001 Authorization for the Use of Military Force (AUMF) after December 31, 2014. Failed 185 – 236. – July 2013
Rep. Peterson voted in favor of the 2014 National Defense Authorization Act. -6/14/13
Rep. Peterson voted for the Mulvaney/Frank Amendment to cut $1.1B from the Defense Appropriations Bill. – 7/19/12
Rep. Peterson voted against an amendment to provide funding for the Reliable Replacement Warhead that removes money from energy conservation programs. – 2009
Rep. Peterson voted against an amendment to fund conventional rather than nuclear bunker-buster projects. – 2004
Rep. Peterson voted against an amendment to reduce funding for the Missile Defense Agency, but he opposed an amendment to allocate $719 million for missile defense programs. – 2009
Rep. Peterson opposed an amendment to the 2002 Defense Authorization bill that would prohibit funds for the development of space-based missile defense systems.
Rep. Peterson opposed an amendment by Kucinich to begin U.N. negotiations for an international treaty banning space-based weapons. – 2005
Rep. Peterson has have introduced legislation to the House, H.R. 185, the Regulatory Accountability Act (RAA), which requires federal bureaucrats to implement the law by using the least costly method of enforcement. However, the Act and Rep. Peterson have no stipulations regarding National Defense or the military – Rep. Peterson’s website 1/7/2015
Rep. Peterson opposed the approval of a U.S. and India Nuclear Cooperation Promotion Act. – 2006
Rep. Peterson voted against transferring $17M from the troubled MOX plutonium program to secure or remove bomb-grade nuclear material around the world. – 6/06/12
Rep. Peterson voted for the Moran Amendment to the NDAA to strike sections of the bill that would restrict funding for the transfer or release of detainees being held at the Guantanamo Bay prison to the United States or another sovereign country. Failed 175-247. – 7/24/13
Rep. Peterson has not signed on as a co-sponsor of H.R. 981 to limit the use of cluster bombs, and clean up unexploded cluster munitions, however, he does support it. – 2009