A. Resolve international and civil conflicts through diplomacy:
Engage diplomatically with other nations to resolve conflicts.
Rep. Omar voted in favor of S.J. Res. 68, a joint resolution to direct removal of US Armed Forces from hostilities against the Islamic Republic of Iran that have not been authorized by Congress. The resolution passed the House 227-186. As it has already passed the Senate, it goes to the President next. Here is a quote from Omar’s floor speech in support of the resolution:
“We know that the eventual outcome will be a Presidential veto. We have been through this already with the Yemen War Powers Resolution when we passed it last year.
But despite the inevitable veto, it is critically important that we are here today voting to insist on our constitutional power.” -March 11, 2020 (congress.gov)
Rep. Omar introduced H. R. 5734, the Neighbors Not Enemies Act, the purpose of which is to repeal the Alien Enemies Act. – Feb. 12, 2020 (Omar press release and congress.gov)
Rep. Omar voted in favor of H. Con. Res. 83: Directing the President pursuant to section 5(c) of the War Powers Resolution to terminate the use of United States Armed Forces to engage in hostilities in or against Iran. The resolution passed 224-194. – Jan. 9, 2020 (govtrack.us)
Rep. Omar was one of the signers of a letter to President Trump demanding answers on his Iran strategy. Quote from letter: “Your administration has yet to provide the American people and Congress with a sufficient explanation as to why this action was necessary and what your overall strategy is for curbing Iran’s regional aggression or nuclear ambitions.” Questions included: “What is the specific “imminent threat” your administration referenced and how has the strike mitigated that threat and its imminence?” ; “What is the mission, scope of responsibilities, and timeline for the more than 7,000 additional U.S. troops recently deployed to the region?” ; “How do recent U.S. military actions, undertaken at your direction, advance your publicly stated goal of averting a war with Iran,
which the American people do not support?” and others. – January 8, 2020 (votesmart.org)
Rep. Omar introduced H. J. Res. 82: Direct the removal of United States Armed Forces from hostilities against the Islamic Republic of Iran that have not been authorized by Congress.- Jan. 7, 2020
Rep. Ilhan Omar issued the following statement after voting “no” on H.R. 4695, the Protect Against Conflict by Turkey (PACT) Act and “present” on H.Res. 296, Affirming the United States record on the Armenian Genocide. The PACT Act passed the House and would impose sanctions on Turkey in response to its invasion of Syria. The purpose of H. Res. 296 is to recognize the 1915 genocide. Originally introduced in 2007, it finally passed the House in 2019.
“As I recently outlined, accountability for the invasion of northern Syria is essential. Turkey’s incursion and the ensuing fallout is a humanitarian catastrophe–especially for the Kurdish people. But too often our sanctions policies are ill-considered, inhumane and hurt the very people we claim to be helping. That is exactly the case here, where overbroad sanctions on the Turkish economy would hurt civilians rather than political leaders. There are positive policies we could pursue–like banning or limiting weapons sales or creating a buffer zone–but pursuing sanctions that have no chance of being signed into law is the wrong response at the wrong time.
“I also believe accountability for human rights violations–especially ethnic cleansing and genocide–is paramount. But accountability and recognition of genocide should not be used as cudgel in a political fight. It should be done based on academic consensus outside the push and pull of geopolitics. A true acknowledgment of historical crimes against humanity must include both the heinous genocides of the 20th century, along with earlier mass slaughters like the transatlantic slave trade and Native American genocide, which took the lives of hundreds of millions of indigenous people in this country. For this reason, I voted “present’ on final passage of H.Res. 296, the resolution Affirming the United States record on the Armenian Genocide.” – 10.29.19 (votesmart.org)
In an op-ed in the Washington Post, Rep. Omar argues that the strategy of applying economic sanctions against foreign governments that our government disagrees with often does not have the desired effect and is even counterproductive, and at the same time, is very harmful to the civilian populations of those countries. – 10.23.19
Rep. Omar was one of several members of the House Foreign Affairs Committee who sent a letter to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo asking for clarification concerning US policy in Libya. Here are some quotes from the letter: “ At this critical moment in the conflict, we urge the administration to address confusion over U.S. policy in Libya by clearly rejecting the military offensive and bolstering the UN-led peace process … We therefore request that you publicly clarify that the U.S. opposes a military solution in Libya and that the U.S. condemns all actors undermining stability and perpetuating violence. We further urge you to call for a ceasefire and work with international partners to ensure its implementation, publicly reaffirm support for the U.N.-led peace talks, and exert U.S. diplomatic pressure to encourage a return to negotiations.” (lieu.house.gov press release) – 06.07.19
Representative Omar voted “Yes” to NDAA amendments to repeal the 2001 and 2002 AUMF. She also voted “Yes” to the Khanna-Gaetz “No War with Iran” amendment. – 07/2019
Rep. Omar co-sponsored HR 2354, Preventing Unconstitutional War with Iran. – 2019
Rep. Omar co-sponsored HR 1274, calling for Repeal of the Authorization of the Use of Military Force. – 2019
Promote stability by replacing US military aid with development aid.
Rep. Omar introduced H.R. 5948, the Global Peacebuilding Act, the purpose of which is to authorize the transfer of funds made available for overseas contingency operations to increase United States contributions to overseas civilian peacebuilding programs worldwide. – Feb. 21, 2020 (congress.gov)
Rep. Omar was signatory to a letter to Sec. Of State Mike Pompeo expressing “strong opposition to the Department of State’s decision to suspend development and humanitarian assistance for Central America’s “Northern Triangle” countries of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras.” This was in response to a decision to suspend about $450 million in aid that Congress had already appropriated. Some of the concerns included: “Progress made on reducing violence and poverty will be reversed, more children and families from the Northern Triangle will be forced to flee their communities, and the situation at our border will get worse, not better.” – 05.07.19 (house.gov press release)
Rep Omar is cosponsoring HRes 432, condemning the attacks on peaceful protesters and supporting an immediate peaceful transition to a civilian-led democratic government in Sudan. – 06.2019
Support resolution of the Israeli Palestinian conflict through determined, balanced and multilateral diplomacy.
Even though she had been a cosponsor of this bill, Rep. Omar voted against H. Res. 326, which “expresses the sense of the House of Representatives that only a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict can ensure Israel’s survival as a secure Jewish and democratic state and fulfill the legitimate aspirations for a Palestinian state. It also expresses the sense that any U.S. proposal to achieve a just, stable, and lasting solution should expressly endorse a two-state solution and discourage steps that would put a peaceful resolution further out of reach.” The resolution passed. Rep. Omar felt that the bill had been changed too much. As she said on Twitter, “After I and many progressives cosponsored, the resolution was altered to remove the word ”occupation”. It also removed a reference to the “broadly held consensus” on the two state solution.” … She also noted concerns about “annexation of Palestinian land in the West Bank, Israeli settlement growth on Palestinian land, demolitions of Palestinian housing in East Jerusalem, and deportation of human rights activists.” – 12.06.19 (congress.gov and informationclearinghouse.info)
Rep. Omar voted against H. Res. 246, Opposing efforts to delegitimize the State of Israel and the Global Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions Movement targeting Israel. However, the resolution passed. – July 23, 2019 (congress.gov)
Rep. Omar became a cosponsor to legislation introduced by Rep. Betty McCollum, H.R. 2407, Promoting Human Rights for Palestinian Children Living Under Israeli Military Occupation Act, which would require that United States funds do not support military detention, interrogation, abuse, or ill-treatment of Palestinian children. -06.10.19 (congress.gov)
Rep. Omar co-sponsored HR 221, the Special Envoy to Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism Act. – 2019
Rep. Omar has cosponsored HRes 326 expressing the sense of the House of Representatives regarding United States efforts to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict through a negotiated two-state solution.
B. Build an infrastructure for peace and prosperity:
Develop and strengthen alternatives to military force such as civilian peacekeeping forces, diplomacy, mediation and conflict resolution, and significantly grow the US diplomatic corps.
Rep. Omar introduced H.R. 5879, the Congressional Oversight of Sanctions Act, the purpose of which is to impose certain limits relating to the national emergency authorities of the President. This bill is designed to require congressional approval of economic sanctions imposed by the president. – Feb. 12, 2020 (Omar press release and congress.gov)
Rep. Omar voted in favor of H.R. 4331: The Tibetan Policy and Support Act. Its purpose is to modify and reauthorize the Tibetan Policy Act of 2002. This includes such provisions as: increasing diplomatic representation by establishing a US consulate in Lhasa; grants to NGOs to support sustainable economic development, cultural and historic preservation, health care, and environmental sustainability projects for Tibetan communities; pursuing collaborative efforts to monitor the Tibetan plateau, from which the PRC is diverting water; respecting the right of the Tibetan Buddhist community to choose its own spiritual leaders without the interference of the PR; and funds for programs to strengthen Tibetan governance. The bill passed 392-22. – 1/28/2020 (congress.gov/govtrack.us)
Rep. Omar became a cosponsor, on 7/30/2019, of H. Res. 387: Condemning continued violence against civilians by armed groups in the Central African Republic and supporting efforts to achieve a lasting political solution to the conflict. The resolution passed 378-7 on March 3, 2020. (congress.gov)
Rep. Omar has cosponsored H.R. 5267, the International Violence Against Women Act, the purpose of which is to authorize the development and implementation of strategies to prevent and respond to gender-based violence globally. – 11/26/19 (congress.gov)
Rep. Omar became a cosponsor of H.R. 1111, the Department of Peacebuilding Act of 2019, which would establish a Department of Peacebuilding in the executive branch. – 6/24/2019 (congress.gov)
Rep. Omar co-sponsored HR 2116, the Global Fragility Act, which passed the House in June 2019. This bill directs the Department of State to establish the interagency Global Fragility Initiative to stabilize conflict-affected areas and prevent violence globally, and establishes funds to support such efforts. (congress.gov)
Rep. Omar co-sponsored HR 1004, Prohibiting Unauthorized Military Action in Venezuela. – 2/06/2019
Commit the US to strengthening the United Nations and approving agreements and treaties such as the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty that reduce the risk of war.
Rep. Omar introduced H. Res. 854, Resolution on the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, expressing the sense of the House of Representatives that the United States should become a state party to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. – Feb. 12, 2020 (Omar press release and congress.gov)
Rep. Omar introduced H. Res. 855, Resolution on the Rome Statute and the International Criminal Court, expressing the sense of the House of Representatives that the United States should ratify the Rome Statute and join the International Criminal Court. – Feb. 12, 2020 (Omar press release and congress.gov)
Rep. Omar introduced H.R. 5878, the Global Migration Agreement Act, which calls on the US to sign the UN Global Compact on Migration and then to build on that to create and adopt a binding Global Migration Agreement. – Feb. 12, 2020 (Omar press release and congress.gov)
Rep.Omar is a cosponsor of H.R. 4722, the Support UNFPA Act, the purpose of which is to authorize contributions to the UN Population Fund, which supports reproductive and women’s health care, family planning and humanitarian assistance around the world. Annual US contributions to this fund have not been made for the last few years. – 11/13/2019 (congress.gov)
Rep. Omar voted in favor of H. Amdt. 527 to the H.R. 2500, the House version of the 2020 NDAA, which expressed “the sense of Congress that the United States should extend the New START Treaty with Russia and requires a series of reports on potential consequences if the treaty lapses.” – July 11, 2019 (congress.gov)
Rep. Omar voted in favor of H. Amdt. 530 to H.R. 2500, the House version of the 2020 NADA. This amendment prohibited “funding for missiles non-compliant with the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty until the Secretary of Defense meets certain conditions.” 7/11/2019 (congress.gov)
Rep. Omar co-sponsored HR 1471, the Saudi Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act. – March 28, 2019
Rep. Omar became a cosponsor of H.R. 1249, the INF Treaty Compliance Act of 2019. This bill prohibits the Department of Defense from using funds to test, procure, or field any missile that would be prohibited under the Treaty Between the U. S. and the Union of USSR on the Elimination of Their Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles. Feb. 14, 2019 (congress.gov)
Commit to just and sustainable economic development strategies around the world.
Rep. Omar introduced H. R. 5877, the YouthBuild International Act, the purpose of which is to to amend the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to establish a program to provide disadvantaged youth in developing countries with opportunities to receive education and employment skills. – Feb. 12, 2020 (Omar press release and congress.gov)
Rep. Omar cosponsored H. Res. 654, Supporting the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. The purpose of this resolution is to reaffirm US support for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which was adopted at the 2015 UN General Assembly. This agenda includes 17 development goals such as eliminating poverty and hunger, reducing inequality, and fighting climate change. – 11.01.19 (govtrack.us)
Rep. Omar has cosponsored H ConRes 23 which expresses the sense of Congress that any United States-Saudi Arabia civilian nuclear cooperation agreement must prohibit the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from enriching uranium or separating plutonium on its own territory, in keeping with the strongest possible nonproliferation “gold standard”. – March 12, 2019
C. Dismantle the infrastructure that encourages militaristic responses to conflicts:
Significantly reduce the US defense budget, increase its transparency and ensure the military is accountable for its defense expenditures.
Rep. Omar is a cosponsor of H.R. 3576, the Wartime Contracting Commission Reauthorization Act of 2019. This bill seeks to re-establish the 2008 commission that was created to study wartime contracting in Iraq and Afghanistan. Under this bill, the goals of the new commission would be to study (1) contracting funded by overseas contingency operations funds, and (2) contracting for the logistical support of coalition forces operating under the authority of the 2001 or 2002 AUMF or for the performance of security functions in countries where coalition forces operate under that authority. – 1/30/2020 [congress.gov]
Rep. Omar voted for an amendment to HR 550 that would “ deny funding of any U.S. military action against Iran or its proxy forces that lacks congressional authorization, except when there is an imminent threat to the United States, its armed forces or its territories. The measure asserts the sole constitutional power of Congress to declare war as spelled out in the 1973 War Powers Resolution. The president would have to notify Congress within 48 hours if he marshals the U.S. military against Iran, then withdraw the force within a specified period unless Congress votes to authorize the action.” H. R. 550 was previously called “Merchant Mariners of World War II Congressional Gold Medal Act of 2019”, but is now titled the “No War Against Iran Act”. The amendment passed 228-175 and the bill goes to the Senate. – Jan. 30, 2020 (Mankato Free Press)
Rep. Omar cosponsored H.R. 5543, the No War Against Iran Act, a bill to prohibit the use of funds for unauthorized military force against Iran – Jan. 7, 2020. (govtrack.us)
Rep. Omar was the only member of the Minnesota congressional delegation to vote against the National Defense Authorization Act 2020 [conference report to accompany S. 1790], which passed the House 377-48. She issued the following statement:
“At a time when Minnesotans have unmet needs in health care, education and housing, it is simply unconscionable to pass a NDAA bill that continues to fund wasteful Pentagon spending to the tune of $738 billion. This bill commits the U.S. to endless involvement in the Saudi-led war in Yemen, continues funding for endless war under the 2001 AUMF, and does nothing to prevent the Administration from launching a disastrous war with Iran.
“Despite its deep flaws, I am glad the National Defense Authorization Act includes some of my priorities and the priorities of my district. I am grateful that all of the amendments I introduced and passed in the House version of the NDAA were included in the final bill. The final version contains my amendments requiring reporting on the process of sharing the Terrorist Screening Database with foreign countries, including human rights abusers. It also requires the Pentagon to provide guidance for contractors and service members who witness gross human rights violations, requires reporting on the costs of overseas military operations, and does not authorize permanent military bases in Somalia–all based on amendments I introduced. Lastly, the final text includes a bill I am an original cosponsor of, the Liberian Immigrant Fairness Act, which would give thousands of Liberians in my district protection from deportation. It was introduced by David Cicilline and originally authored by my predecessor Keith Ellison.
“I am proud that all of our amendments were included, but it’s past time we stop putting our service members and civilians in harm’s way by writing blank checks for endless wars–and passing budgets that are not a reflection of our values. For these reasons, I plan to vote no.” 12.11.19 (votesmart.org)
Rep. Omar voted in favor of H. Amdt. 538 to the 2020 NDAA, which would have decreased funding for Overseas Contingency Operations/aka the War on Terror, by $16.8 billion. (amendment failed)
– 07/12/19 (congress.gov.)
Reps Omar voted in favor of H. Amdt. 535 to NDAA 2020, which would “prohibit the use of funds for an exhibition or parade of military forces and hardware, except for the display of small arms and munitions appropriate for customary ceremonial honors.”- July 11, 2019 (congress.gov)
Rep. Omar cosponsored H. R. 669, the Restricting First Use of Nuclear Weapons Act of 2019, which would prohibit the President from launching a nuclear strike unless it was in retaliation to such a strike by another country or Congress has authorized such a strike. – 02.07.19 (govtrack.us)
Rep. Omar co-sponsored HR 1086, Hold the Lyne, which prohibits the research, development, production and deployment of the Trident D5 low-yield nuclear warhead. – 2019
Reduce the number of military bases and military personnel in the U.S. and overseas.
Rep. Omar voted for an amendment to HR 550, the No War Against Iran Act, that would “repeal the 2002 Iraq war resolution, which has been cited as the legal basis of U.S. military actions in Iraq and numerous other global theaters over the past 18 years, including the recent U.S. assassination at the Baghdad airport of Iranian General Qasem Soleimani. Congress would have six months to update U.S. war authority, and until it does so, the president could immediately deploy forces to protect national security without seeking congressional approval.” The amendment passed 236-166 and the bill goes to the Senate. – Jan. 30, 2020 (Mankato Free Press)
Representative Omar sponsored this amendment: H.Amdt. 516 to H.R. 2500: To require the Secretary of Defense to submit a report to Congress on the financial costs and national security benefits of operating, improving, and maintaining overseas military infrastructure. – 07/19
Rep. Omar voted in favor of H. Res. 676, the NATO Support Act. This bill, which passed the House, prohibits the appropriation or use of funds to withdraw the United States from the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. – 01.22.19 (votesmart.org)
Discontinue the practice of providing military equipment or training assistance to human rights abusers.
Rep. Omar introduced H. R. 5880, Stop Arming Human Rights Abusers Act, the purpose of which is to provide for the imposition of sanctions, with regard to security aid, on foreign countries that are in violation of international human rights law or international humanitarian law. – Feb. 12, 2020 (Omar press release and congress.gov)
Rep. Omar is one of 11 signatories to a letter asking Secretary of State Pompeo, saying: “We write to express serious concern about reports that the United Arab Emirates (UAE) provided U.S.-origin military equipment to secessionist forces in Yemen and that the so-called Islamic State is exploiting unrest in southern Yemen.” The Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicles [MRAPs] provided to the Southern Transitional Council and previously provided to al – Qaeda were sold to the UAE with an end-user agreement that said the UAE was to be the final user of this weaponry. – 10.23.19 (votesmart.org)
Rep. Omar voted in favor of each of S.J.Res. 36, S. J. Res. 37, and S. J. Res. 38, which expressed disapproval of the proposed export of certain defense articles and services to a number of countries, including Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. The resolution passed both House and Senate, but was later over-ridden by the President. – July 17, 2019
Rep. Omar Voted for H.Amdt. 524 to H.R. 2500: To prohibit support to and participation in the Saudi-led coalitions military operations against the Houthis in Yemen. – 07/2019
Rep. Omar voted YEA on S. J. Res. 7, a resolution directing the removal of US Armed Forces from hostilities in the Republic of Yemen that have not been authorized by Congress. [Bill passed the House 247-175 and had previously passed the Senate, but was vetoed by the president.] – April 4, 2019 (congress.gov)
Rep. Omar was one of several signatories from the House Foreign Affairs Committee who wrote to Secretary of State Pompeo and Acting Defense Secretary Shanahan, saying “that Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates have transferred U.S.- origin military equipment and weapons to al-Qaeda-linked terrorist groups in Yemen in direct violation of existing arms agreements with the US” and asking for a briefing on this situation. – 02.26.19 (press release at foreignaffairs.house.gov)
Rep. Omar voted YEA on H.J. Res. 37, a resolution directing the removal of US Armed Forces from hostilities in the Republic of Yemen that have not been authorized by Congress. [Bill passed the House 248-177.] – Feb. 13, 2019 (congress.gov)
Rep. Omar co-sponsored HR 643 which prohibits the provision of United States security assistance to the Government of Saudi Arabia. – 1/17/2019